Ferhat Abbas (1899-1985), leader in the struggle for Algeria’s independence, born in Taher, and educated as a pharmacist. A political moderate disillusioned with French policy, he advocated Algerian self-determination and independence and was intermittently jailed for his political activities. In 1956 he joined the Cairo-based National Liberation Front (NLF), then waging a war of independence against the French, and from 1958 to 1961 he headed its government in exile. After independence (1962), Abbas soon quarreled with the more radical NLF leadership and was put under house arrest (1964-1965). He then retired from public life.
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